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CTM - Case Studies


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No solution is complete without real world examples. This group is a repository of real life cases of corporate failures due to improper risk management and lack of controls. The treasury debacles at Allied Irish Bank, P&G, Gibson Greetings, Sumitomo and Lufthansa are discussed to give an understanding of practical issues in treasury management. Treasury practioners and policy makers can review their methods and systems, and help the treasury function become more effective.

Target Audience

Every professional involved in the global financial services industry (as a provider, user, regulator or advisor of product/services, marketplace/exchange) would benefit from KESDEE’s innovative solutions.

  • Supervisory Agencies
  • Central Banks
  • Financial Institutions
  • Commercial Banks
  • Investment Banks
  • Housing Societies/Thrifts
  • Mutual Funds
  • Brokerage Houses
  • Stock Exchanges
  • Derivatives Exchanges
  • Insurance Companies
  • Multinational Corporations
  • Accountancy Firms
  • Consultancy Firms
  • Law Firms
  • Rating Agencies
  • Multi-lateral Financial Institutions
  • Others

  • Course Level and Number of Courses
    Intermediate Level. Library of 7 Courses

    Instructional Method
    Dynamic, Interactive e-learning

    Recommended Background
    Familiarity with basic financial concepts

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      Library of 7 Courses
    CTM - Case Studies
    Time taken to complete each Course: Two - Three hours

    1. Treasury Management – Scope and Importance
    • What is Treasury Management?
    • Structure of Treasury Management
    • Functions of Treasurer and Controller

    2. Overview of Risk Management

    • Concept of Risk
    • Risk Management Process
    • Determination of Business Objectives
    • Identification of Risks
    • Measurement of Risk

    3. Sumitomo

    • The Sumitomo Copper Trading debacle
    • How the copper market was manipulated
    • The lessons we learn from the case study

    4. Lufthansa

    • Alternatives before Lufthansa to hedge it’s FX risk
    • Lufthansa’s hedging strategy
    • Outcome of Lufthansa’s hedging decisions
    • Treasury Performance Measurement
    • The lessons we learn from the case study

    5. Allied Irish Banks

    • Importance of Treasury Control
    • Trading strategy
    • Flaws in Allfirst's treasury control

    6. Procter & Gamble (P&G)

    • The relationship between Bankers Trust and Procter & Gamble
    • The details of the deal
    • The claims and counter claims between the players
    • The outcome and the lessons learnt from a study of this case

    7. Gibson Greetings

    • The role Bankers Trust played in contributing to Gibson Greetings colossal losses
    • The details of the swaps and Restructuring
    • The lessons we learn from the case study


    • Measurement Tools
    • Disclosures
    • Scope and Structure of FX and Derivatives Markets
    • Global Best Practices
    • Policy Templates
    • Regulations

    Calculators in Case Studies - Treasury Management

    1. American / European Quotes
    2. Spot Cross Rates
    3. Calculating Forward Rate
    4. Forward Cross Rates
    5. Pricing Currency Futures - Continuous Compounding
    6. Pricing Currency Futures - Daily Basis
    7. Valuation of Generic Currency Swaps
    8. NPV of Currency Cash Flow in a Swap
    9. Options strategies (Excel)
    10. Operating Exposure
    11. Current / Non-current Method
    12. Monetary/Non-monetary Method
    13. Temporal Method
    14. Current Rate Method
    15. Money Market Hedge
    16. Forward Market Hedge
    17. Break Forward
    18. Range Forward
    19. Participate Forward
    20. Duration
    21. Duration of Portfolio
    22. Convexity
    23. BPV of a Bond
    24. BPV of a Portfolio
    25. BPV of a Forward Rate Agreement
    26. BPV of a Coupon Paying Bond
    27. Yield Curve Interpolation
    28. Calculation of FRA settlement
    29. Pricing T-Bond futures contract
    30. Options on Futures
    31. Options on LIBOR
    32. Swaptions
    33. Pricing interest rate swap
    34. Confidence Level for a given Standard Deviation
    35. Standard Deviation for a given Confidence Level
    36. VaR Moving from one Confidence Level to Another (required period and Confidence level)
    37. VaR - Variance Covariance Method
    38. Value at Risk for Different Weights
    39. Calculation of discount and price - bill of exchange
    40. Price of a Discount Instrument
    41. Price of a Commercial Paper
    42. Money Market yield / Cash Price of CD
    43. Yield - Bill of Exchange
    44. Portfolio Risk and Return (when covariance and returns of assets NOT given)
    45. Portfolio Risk and Return (when covariance and returns of assets is given)

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